Le Besoin d’Impossible

The first book published by Marie Cachet, Le Besoin d’Impossible, is a multiform work in its implications, but despite this it can be defined as a whole as a purely philosophical work. In this article I will not write a typical review, I plan instead to outline and expose the issues that have mostly caught my attention – to put it in the most modest way – during the study of the book (yes, it requires to be studied and not merely read…).

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Let’s start from an assumption that, although treated and deepened by the author in another context, is essential for a thorough understanding of the work that concerns us now: the modern European man – biologically speaking – is a slightly hybridized Neanderthal man (actually, every modern human being is a more or less hybridized creature, but since I am a European I will refer, when necessary, only to the European species). However, what has this to do with questions of philosophical nature? According to Marie Cachet one of the consequences of this hybridization, even after its stabilization, was the birth of a metaphysical vertigo/despair, a disharmony of the mind (here is to be found, perhaps, the cause of the birth of consciousness?) which manifested itself simultaneously with the dramatic shift to a temporal (and thus finite) perception of the Universe. A real “fall” that took us away from the possibility of fathom and living the concepts of eternity (intended as the atemporal point that we call instant) and infinity (intended as spatial infinity).

At that point, however, our ancestors (as well as us today) tried instinctively, unconsciously and obsessively to compensate this metaphysical despair and not get overwhelmed by the “terror of time”: an explosion of human dynamism, individual and collective, led progressively to the birth and development of civilizations, arts, sciences, spirituality, religions and philosophies, all attempts to recreate the lost harmony of the mind and extend one’s personality beyond the boundaries of the biological duration of the existence, in an attempt to forge a sort of simulated eternity (the need for the impossible, as suggested by the title of the book).

Examples of materialization of the collective genetic memory of a people, in an attempt to be remembered in time:
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Examples of materialization of the genetic memory of an individual, the sculptor, in an attempt to be remembered in time:
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Therefore, according to Marie Cachet, every external creation as well as all forms of teaching are the manifestation of a deep necessity of the human beings, namely the selfish need to go beyond the yoke of time, beyond the finitude, so as to preserve themselves in time, through other people, symbolic containers of our self, potential reincarnations of our self. Artistic creations and teachings are therefore a means to conquer eternity and to defeat the illusion of a finite time. We project our self in the future, through a real or imaginary reincarnation (see the prehistoric ritual of reincarnation described in detail by Madame Cachet in another context), which in turn will transmit in the future the essence of our self, in an eventual endless chain.

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An essential distinction that emerges during the reading is that between the individuals conscious of their metaphysical despair (active and subjective individuals) and the vast majority of those who are not aware of it (passive and objective individuals) and unconsciously suffer the consequences of this disharmony. The religions (especially the organized religions) and the spiritualities that give us dogmatic and established metaphysical responses, the daily repetitiveness, the social conventions and all the entertainment we create in our societies are, although we do not realize it, tools that distract us and allow us to flee from the metaphysical anguish inherent in us, from the sacred terror that we experience in front of the mystery of the universe and of life. Only by getting rid of all this – especially of what gives us metaphysical answers – and through boredom, certain men will fall into the metaphysical despair and will find their authentic self (through the manifestation of the memories of our previous lives, engraved and latent in our blood), their true essence, undergoing a sort of “awakening”: achieved this superior spiritual and mental state, a deep impulse will force them to find their subjective responses to the fundamental dilemmas of the world and of life.

What about you? You dare to look face to face the metaphysical abyss?

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As I have previously explained, these are just some of the issues discussed in this book (a unique work of its kind), the ones that most involved me: ultimately, I urge you to read it and give shape to your personal opinion.

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The Universe in Flames

Giordano Bruno was an Italian philosopher, burned at the stake in 1600 after being declared guilty of heresy by the Roman Inquisition, in consequence of his criticism of Christianity and the cosmological conclusions he had reached in his search for truth through philosophy. Bruno considered Christianity as a degenerative process that reached its climax during the Counter-Reformation, however what actually interests me is to expose briefly his cosmology, because it makes sense and is very similar to the vision of the cosmos that the Europeans had during Prehistory and Classical Antiquity.

According to Bruno the Universe is eternal (indeed for something to begin there must already be a space in which such a beginning can manifest itself) and infinitely extended (if it was spatially finite, in what would be contained? Remember that all that is spatially finite is inevitably contained in a larger space), whereby motionless and without a center. It is a unitary and vast living organism, animated and endowed with intellect, a homogeneous and indivisible whole governed by the interdependence of all its parts, which are in relation to the organism in its unity (i.e. an organism made up of organisms), unity that coincides with the concept of divinity: consequently the divine resides in the multiplicity that exists in the Universe, throughout Nature and, therefore, also in ourselves. For Bruno everything is matter, that is life, and the Universe consists in infinite matter that changes perennially, able to transform itself continuously in an incessant becoming, passing from one extreme to the other, from an opposite to the other. The universal matter is infinite energy provided with intellect, unity in which lies a multiplicity, multiplicity in which lies a unity!

“Perhaps you pronounce this sentence against me with greater fear than I receive it”.

-Giordano Bruno

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Related posts: Words of Wisdom #51Eternal Regret (Part 1 of 2)Eternal Regret (Part 2 of 2)The Harmony of Opposites

Words of Wisdom #28 & #29

“As a fish that swims in the water and doesn’t understand the nature of the sea, or a bird that flies in the air and doesn’t understand the sky, so man in his finite mind doesn’t understand the infinite. The only reality is for the bird to fly and of the fish to swim. So, in the same way, the only reality of man is to live: live your own life, die your own death. Live consciously every moment, accepting not to understand the ultimate meaning, this is illumination”.

-Eihei Dogen

“Time, place and space are illusions, having no existence save in the mind of men which must set limits and bounds in order to understand”.

-Robert E. Howard

Related post: Eternal Regret (Part 1 of 2)

Last of a Kind

First read this: https://ancestorvoice.wordpress.com/2016/06/03/introversion-vs-extroversion/

And then this one: https://thuleanperspective.com/2013/10/14/hallow-heal/

“When I cannot stand alone, it will be time to die”.

-Robert E. Howard

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The introvert human being is absorbed by the subject: himself, his thoughts, his inner world and generally speaking with everything that is cyclical and eternal. The introvert gives a preponderant role to subjective factors (he does things in his own way, ignoring or despising the conformism of other people), devaluating the external reality (specifically civilization and its creations, the opinions of other people, conformism, materialism, superficiality), he feels a sort of unappeasable longing, a condition to which he has no more access, a void that must seek to compensate (namely the ability to fathom eternity).

The extrovert human being is absorbed by the object: the outer world, the people and things around him and generally speaking everything that has to do with civilization in all its forms and creations, namely everything that is artificial and finite. The extrovert attitude has a spontaneous relation with the object, adapts well and easily to circumstances and bends to conformism with unconscious satisfaction. This type of man has no critical, original and really autonomous thoughts, feels no attraction towards spirituality and nature from a transcendental point of view and is totally absorbed by the finite manifestations of reality.

What I want to suggest here is that introversion is a trait that we have inherited from the Neanderthal man (the Proto-European), while extroversion is a trait that appeared only and exclusively as a consequence of the hybridization between the Neanderthal man and the Homo Sapiens (the Proto-African).

Civilization is an outcome of extroversion, an extrovert entity directly related with the features of the domesticated and hybridized man. The extrovert human being fits perfectly well inside the mechanisms of civilization and is strongly domesticated, to the point of not realizing it.

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On the other hand introversion is a feature that the best of us have inherited from our Neanderthal ancestors as they were prior to the hybridization, and it is linked with autism. Introverts often think for images, don’t care about the opinions of others, cannot bear noises, are deeply interested (almost obsessed) in specific subjects, fail to comply, love to stand on their own, to think and be surrounded by nature: all features found in the autistic spectrum.

P.S. I am NOT referring here to any type of autism with mental retardation. I refer only to High-Functioning Autism (Asperger Syndrome), an exclusively European feature.

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Before the last Ice Age reached its maximum, it is estimated that the European population counted between 4’500 and 6’000 inhabitants and at the end of it the density of the population varied between 0,04 and 0,1 persons for square kilometer, in relation to the ground and the climate. So it makes sense to think that introversion is a trait that we inherited from the Neanderthal man as he was in the Stone Age: he was not very social, he encountered only occasionally other people. It’s only a matter of time and we will return to be so, that we like it or not. The Ice Ages are the norm in Europe while hot periods are exceptions.

Graph showing the trend of Ice Ages:
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-Extroversion/Object/Domestication/Civilized Man(Post-Hybridization)/Finitude.
-Introversion/Subject/Autism/Hunter-Gatherer(Pre-Hybridization)/Eternity.

“Every human being is composed of two parts. Only one is essential. The other is the external, artificial and acquired part that is formed in social life and that creates the “person” of the individual: person, here, in the original meaning of the word, that, as known, means mask, the mask of the actor (in opposition to the “face”, that instead you can match with the other part, the essential one). Depending on the individuals, but also depending on the type of civilization, the one or the other part can be more developed. The degenerative limit corresponds with a quite exclusive development of the external and constructed part, of the “mask”.”

-Julius Evola

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Dear introverts, you are the last of a kind: free in mind and spirit, the last hope for Europe and the European species. The Europeans were originally as you are! Remember this when you feel sad or even depressed. The world as it is today is not made for us, free human beings masters of ourselves, it is made for the domesticated man! But it will not last long!

Words of Wisdom #4

Now the summer has passed.
It might never have been.
It is warm in the sun,
But it isn’t enough.

All that might’ve occurred
Like a five-fingered leaf
Fluttered into my hands,
But it isn’t enough.

Neither evil nor good
Has yet vanished in vain,
It all burned and was light,
But it isn’t enough.

Life has been as a shield,
And has offered protection.
I have been most fortunate,
But it isn’t enough.

The leaves were not burned.
The boughs were not broken,
The day clear as glass,
But it isn’t enough.”

-Arsenij Tarkovskij

You’ll find this beautiful, desperate (on a metaphysical plane), nostalgic and sad poetry recited in the film Stalker, directed by Andrej Tarkovskij, son of Arsenij Tarkovskij (author of the poetry). Stalker is one of the best film ever created, a metaphor of life and of man in his mind, body and spirit…

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Honour to Andrej and Arsenij Tarkovskij!