Some Cases of Burial Mounds (Part 3 of 3)

Troy, also called Ilion, is both an ancient historical city and a mythical city, precisely the theater of the Trojan War in the Iliad. However, the Troy of the renowned epic poem is a symbolical city and it represents the burial mound, i.e. the realm of death.

Since ancient times the name “Troy” has been associated with labyrinths, and the prehistoric European symbol of the labyrinth is a figure that symbolizes the grave of the honourable ancestor. For example, several turf mazes (structures shaped like a labyrinth) in England were named “Troy”, “Troy Town”, “The City of Troy” or “The Walls of Troy”. Caerdroia (“City of Troy”) is the Welsh name for Troy and in medieval times a Caerdroia was a turf maze. Several similar turf mazes in Scandinavia have names such as Trojaborg, Trojaburg, Trojborg, Tröborg and Trojienborg, which can all be translated as “City of Troy”.

It follows that the mythological Troy is closely connected to the prehistoric labyrinth/burial mound/realm of death.

Comparison between the representation of a Troy Town and a typical burial mound seen from above:
trojeborg_nordisk_familjeboknewgrangeplan1

Therefoe the Iliad describes the entry in the burial mound/realm of death (i.e. Troy), and the Achaeans fail to breach the walls of the city until they hide themselves inside the Trojan Horse. The horse is a chthonic animal and the dead were often buried with their best horse: a horse would surely gained access inside the grave (i.e. Troy). So the Achaens can pass through the gates of Troy only if “accompanied” by the Trojan Horse (equivalently to the Argonauts that could reach Colchis only by means of the ship Argo, that in terms of symbolic function is identical to the Trojan Horse), similarly to Odin that can enter in Hel only if “accompanied” by Sleipnir, his steed. The ritual explained through these myths is the one of the child that enters the prehistoric cave to accomplish the initiation ritual, and walks inside it “accompanied” – among other animals – by the horses portrayed in the cave paintings.

Prehistoric cave paintings portraying horses:
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chinese-horse

In the Iliad, the city of Troy represents the burial mound/cave in which took place the initiatory ritual of rebirth. Helen, Andromache and Hecuba are three aspects of the sorceress/priestess who welcomed the initiate in the deeper area of the burial mound, they are the three Moirai (“moira” means “phase”) who preside over destiny and should be seen – respectively as girl, wife and crone – as a tripartite manifestation of a unique figure, similarly to the waxing moon, full moon and waning moon: three aspects of the same entity. Together they symbolize the eternal cycles of death and rebirth that occur in all the powers of the Universe, as in heaven so on earth.

Helen of Troy:
helen_of_troy

In the poem the weapons and armor are an essential part of the idenitity of a hero, and the fact that in the poem is recurrent the act of taking possession of the weapons and armor of the defeated enemy to gain honour – especially when they belong to a strong, glorious and honourable enemy – should be compared to the initiated child that inherits the weapons (along with other objects) of his honourable ancestor, at the conclusion of the initiation/rebirth ritual inside the burial mound.

Under this point of view, the Achaens are the descendants/new generations while the Trojans are their ancestors.

At a certain point of the poem, Achilles reveals the prophecy that hangs over him:

“My mother, Thetis with silver feet, speaks to me about two destinies which lead me to death: if I remain here to fight around the walls of Troy, I will no longer return but eternal will be my glory; if instead I return home, in the fatherland, for me there will be no glory, but I will have long life, it will not reach me soon the destiny of death”.

-Achilles to Odisseus in the Iliad

The meaning of this sort of omen is this: if Achilles (as previously understood, the heroes of the mythologies should be seen, in certain cases, as children/young boys) will not go inside the burial mound/reign of the dead to face the initiation ritual, his current self will remain as it is, incomplete, formless and without a definite identity, until his natural death, and he will live without honour and glory, excluded from the cycle of rebirths inside the ancestry. If instead Achilles will face the initiation ritual, then his current self will die soon after (when he enters the burial mound, since only the dead can access it), only to be reborn later as one of his ancestors (through the emergence of the memory of the blood, i.e. the memory of his previous lives), in this way obtaining the eternal honour and glory of the ancestry.

The Trojan War lasts nine years and ends during the tenth: nine months of pregnancy and finally the birth (i.e. rebirth/reincarnation at the end of the initiation ritual)…

The triumph of Achilles after defeating Hector:
triumphant_achilles_in_achilleion_levelled

***

Perseus is one of the greatest Greek heroes, famous for having beheaded the Gorgon Medusa: to accomplish this feat he first sought out the three Graeae, old sisters who shared only one eye and one tooth among them, lived in a cave from which neither the Sun nor the Moon could be seen (i.e. the burial mound) and were described as “virgins similar to swans” (i.e. dressed in white).

The Graeae and the Moirai of the Greeks are equivalent figures, as well as the Parcae of the Romans and the Norns of the Nordics: they are the Sorceresses who welcomed, inside the burial mound, the candidate to the initiation, and are all groups of three woman who preside over destiny, in the sense that they decide what will be, on the metaphysical plane, the destiny of an individual.

strudwick_-_a_golden_thread

They are related with the color white and therefore with the swan: in addition to what we have already learned, in this context, about the Graeae, we know that the Moirai are described as “dressed in white”, while the Norns live near Urðarbrunnr (“Well [i.e. the burial mound] of Urðr”, i.e. “Well of Destiny”), where they establish the fate of men; near this well live two swans from which descended the race of birds who bear this name. The Sirens of the Greek mythology are another group of three women with the same characteristics: they are Parthenope (“the virgin”), Leucosia (“the white”) and Ligeia (“the singing”). Again in the Norse mythology we find the valkyries (“the ones who chose the fallen”) Svanhvit (“white as a swan”), who offers a sword to Ragnarr and urges him to accomplish great deeds, and Alvitr (“omniscient”), her sister, which spin the linen after having laid their “shape of swan”; another relevant valkyrie in this context is Alruna (from Proto Germanic *aliruna, composed by runa [“secret”] and the prefix -ali): omniscience and runes (i.e. secret metaphysical knowledge), spinning and the color white are always specific attributes of these figures that we find in the European mythologies. The color white was related with the dead, because they were buried with white clothes, their dead bodies became quickly very pale, and they were purified by death (white being also the color of purity and purification): to get access and remain inside the burial mound the Graeae/Moirai/Parcae/Norns had to be dressed in white, as well as the dead and to be symbolically dead. The swan was seen as a chtonic and psychopomp animal, because it is completely white and lives in the waters (purifying and regenerator element that symbolizes the amniotic fluid), at times indicated in the European mythologies as portals or passages to reach the realm of death, and it is also a migratory bird, the migration being a periodic and regular movement linked to the alternation of the seasons and associated with the cycles of death and rebirth.

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Now let’s go back to Perseus: he steals the eye of the Graeae and, in exchange for it, forces them to reveal the way to kill Medusa and thus the whereabouts of the objects needed for that purpose: the winged sandals (because Perseus is – exactly like Hermes – the divine child/bee who enters the burial mound/beehive), the helm of invisibility (another object that allows access to the burial mound, since invisibility is synonymous with death), the harpe sword, the mirrored shield and the knapsack to safely contain Medusa’s head (i.e. the valuables with which was buried the honourable ancestor).

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We find a similar situation in the Norse mythology, when Odinn is forced to leave one of his eyes as a pledge in Mímisbrunnr (“well [a symbol of the burial mound] of memory”), in exchange for the possibility to drink the sacred water in it contained. We can better understand these mythological episodes when we know that the candidates for the initiation could access to the relam of death (the burial mound) exclusively if they brought with them the body of a dead, because only the dead had the right to enter that sacred place; the children had to possess and show a mistletoe (an evergreen plant, thus symbol of immortality) the dead Sun (i.e. Apollo/Baldr) at the time of the cold season: the gates opened…

The eye of Odinn and the eye of the Graeae stolen by Perseus hide precisely this symbolism, because the Sun is the eye of the Sky (Homer describes the Sun as “the all-seeing eye of Zeus”, in the Egyptian mythology the Sun is the eye of Ra, in the Hindu mythology Surya [“the supreme light”] is the eye of Varuna, in the Persian mythology the Sun is the eye of Ahura Mazda, in the Japanese mythology Amaterasu – the goddess of the Sun – is born from the eye of Izanagi, the Sun is the eye of the Indo-Iranian god Mitra). Both Odinn and Perseus use the mistletoe bough to obtain a metaphysical wisdom through the remembrance of their previous lives: one by means of the vision of the valuables he possessed in a previous life, the other by means of the sacred liquid of memory.

how-odin-lost-his-eye

Finally, Perseus finds and beheads Medusa, avoiding her gaze that turned people to stone, by looking at her reflection on the mirrored shield. Medusa’s head, with snakes instead of hairs and whose eyes had the power to petrify every living creature (an equivalent figure is the Basilisk, a medieval legendary snake with the ability to petrify what meets its gaze), symbolizes the placenta, which calcify after a certain time, causing the death and calcification of the child, who literally becomes stone if he stays too long in the womb.

Medusa’s head and the placenta:
medusa-caravaggioplacenta-cake-3

The beheading of Medusa symbolizes the sharp and violent severing of the bond between the reborn divine child and the maternal phase of existence, i.e. the severing of the placenta. At that point the initiate must get out as soon as possible from the burial mound (the womb of the earth), without looking back, fatal action that would compromise the entire metaphysical and initiatory process!

“Perseus with the head of Medusa”, masterpiece of Benvenuto Cellini:
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Part 1: Some Cases of Burial Mounds (Part 1 of 3)
Part 2: Some Cases of Burial Mounds (Part 2 of 3)

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Words of Wisdom #44, #45 & #46

“The good fortune, is Zeus who distributes it to men, to the good and the evil, as he wants, to each one. To you he gave this fate, thou must endure it”.

-Nausicaa to Odysseus in the Odissey

“It is easy for the gods, that the vast sky possess, to do splendid or miserable a mortal man”.

-Odysseus to Telemachus in the Odissey

“Not even you despise them, the gifts of the glorious gods, those that they offer us: we can’t choose them by ourselves”.

-Paris to Hector in the Iliad

In this consists Stoicism: in understanding what is beyond our control, accepting it as well as it’s destined to us, in any way it will affect our lives, and then act accordingly!

Words of Wisdom #40 & #41

“When two go together, if it is not one, it is the other that finds the best solution; but one alone, as much as he reflects, has the thought more slow, the mind more weak”.

-Diomedes to Nestor in the Iliad

“The Country goes to ruin for lack of men, not for lack of programs. This is our conviction. Therefore we must not develop new programs, but raise men, new men”.

-Corneliu Z. Codreanu

United we stand, divided we fall: we should remember it when we meet good Europeans that doesn’t have a worldview completely identical to ours. We are all, some more and some less, affected by this modern degeneration with which they “educate” us. What we can do – when it can be worth it – is try to correct each other, and become better!

Words of Wisdom #21

“Great son of Tydeus, why you ask me who I am? The generations of men are like leaves: the wind makes them fall but others will sprout on the flowering trees when spring comes. So the bloodlines of men, one is born, the other fades”.

-Glaucus to Diomedes in the Iliad

The crown of the tree represents the future, our future lives, when we’ll be reborn in the bodies of our descendants. The trunk of the tree represents the present, our current life. The roots of the tree represent the past, our past lives, when we died in the bodies of our ancestors. This is the European vision of life!
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Different Minds, different Skies

Today we (returned to) know everything about the Earth and the Solar System but it has not always been the case.

We had the exact same notions during Prehistory and Antiquity but after the Judeo-Christians invaded our beloved Europe – murdering millions of us, destroying and burning every manifestation of our culture on which they pointed their eyes – they forced on our minds “the fact” that our planet would be flat, at the center of the Sky and that if we had reached its limits we would have ended up falling into the abyss. Those who opposed, like Galileo Galilei which sustained the Heliocentric System, were labeled as heretics and forced to publicly reject their knowledge. That is, when they were not silenced in the first place through threats, or burned alive, or tortured to death. Only in 1992 the Christians have officially admitted their “error” in relation to Galileo Galilei (sigh). Exclusively what the “holy scriptures” recited was to be believed. However the Renaissance came and we returned to our ancient science, for the desperation of the Judeo-Christians. If it was for them we should still believe today in their lies, and in the future as well, until the coming of their fictional “Armageddon”.

At that point, they tried to hammer in the heads of the Europeans the fact that also our ancestors during Antiquity and Prehistory believed in the flatness of our planet. “Even Pagans believed to this, it was not a consequence of the wave of destruction and ignorance we brought in Europe! Oy vey!”. Then they started their distortion, corruption and willed misinterpretation of our mythologies, and today the Europeans generally think that our ancestors were indeed ignorant and this would be proved by the fact that our mythologies tell all sort of things about the world where we live but none of them is (apparently) close to the truth.

***

Now, one of the most exploited and abused figures in this context is the one of Okeanos, a character of the Greek mythology. The Judeo-Christians have concluded that Okeanos was a river that surrounded our flat planet, delimiting the borders beyond which we would have fallen. In the best case Okeanos was a symbol for all the waters in our planet. That’s what they think

How the Judeo-Christians see Okeanos and our planet:
terra-piatta

Now, it is time for us to look at the figure of Okeanos, called Ægir (“[metaphysical] scare”, “awe”) in the Norse mythology, in a European perspective:

According to the Egyptian mythology everything came into being from Nun, the primeval Ocean/Waters, primordial source of any existing form. The Nun is an eternal and infinite space that corresponded to/represented what we today call “Universe”: the archaic thinking associated the concept of “water” to that of source of life and essence of purification and regeneration, with particular reference to the amniotic fluid. In the Universe, as in water, we can’t breathe and we float if gravity doesn’t affects us. The Nun, the Universe, was thus defined by the Egyptians as “the watery abyss of the sky” and “the father of the gods”, it was a creative power from which arose all forms of life. I quote some passages taken directly from an Egyptian sacred text:

“Here I am,
I that, swelling and overflowing the Abysses,
I generated, from them, the Waters of the Sky…
These waters, made me float on their liquid Spaces…
And that is why they remain in my power,
The Waters of the Sky!”.

-The Egyptian Book of the Dead

“Since this Earth has appeared
At the Dawn of Times, in the Ocean of the Sky,
Rising from the Primordial Caos…”.

-The Egyptian Book of the Dead

“I lean on the forehead of Ra
And I sail on the heavenly Ocean
Seated in peace, on the prow of his ship…”.

-The Egyptian Book of the Dead

“Look! He is alone in the middle of the heavenly Ocean
While he crosses the Horizon!”.

-The Egyptian Book of the Dead

Okeanos – the only one that could remain on his own when Zeus demanded the presence of the gods in the Olympus – was described as “tireless”, “deep/fluent”, “refluent on himself”, “with no waves”, “origin of everything”, “origin of the gods” (just like the Nun). It encircles the Earth and is in reality the Starry Sky/Universe. It has no waves because it has nothing to do with water as we understand it or maybe because the apparent motion of the fixed stars is very slow, calm and quiet. It is tireless and refluent on itself (terms that suggests a rotation) because even the Starry Sky/Universe was moving (apparently and very slowly) at the eyes of our ancestors, as a consequence of the Precession of the Equinoxes (a motion of our planet that they noticed and knew well, but I will not talk here of their knowledge about it). It is deep because compared to waters (that are very deep), but also because the Universe is infinite. It is the origin of everything because the Universe at the same time is and contains everything, it has given existence to all that has been, that is and that will be. It is the origin of the gods because without the Universe the Solar System would not exist (here “gods” refers to the “inhabitants” of the Solar System, i.e. the planets). It is the only one not constrained to visit the Olympus at the call of Zeus because only the planets of the Solar System are “constrained” to go to Olympus (the Sun), i.e. only the planets are affected by the gravitational attraction of the Sun, not the Starry Sky/Universe.

<<But>>, say the Judeo-Christians, <<it encircles the Earth>>!

The Earth of the myths is a plane, yes, but it is not our planet, it is a plane that passes through the four points/corners of the year, marked by the Equinoxes and Solstices, that is the Ecliptic. The “Earth” was the ideal plane passing through the four points/pillars of the year and this is the hidden meaning when a mythology talks about a flat or quadrangular Earth. The four corners that determine an “Earth” are the Zodiacal Constellations that arise behind the Sun (which changes slowly because of the Precession of the Equinoxes, creating at every “handover” a new “Earth”) in the days of the Equinoxes and Solstices, with particular care for the one that rises in the day of the Vernal Equinox.

Now, the Fixed Stars/Universe encircle the Ecliptic, encircle the Solar System, right?

Note: the prehistoric engravings with the form of a spiral may (also) depict a maelstrom, a symbol that refers to the Solar System and the various circles made by the swirling revolutions of the planets around the Sun at the center? The maelstrom (the first part of the name is connected to the verb mala [“grind”], perhaps in reference to the “grinding” of the eras as a consequence of the cosmic cycles) is known as the “navel of the sea”, where “navel” would be a reference to the Solar System and “sea” a reference to the Universe, the “watery abyss of the sky”.

spirals_01

Moreover, in the Iliad the shield that Hephaestus builds for Achilles is described in these terms:

“…the Pleiades, Hyades and the strength of Orion
and the Bear, that they call with the name of Wagon: she turns on itself and watches Orion,
and alone doesn’t get wet from the waters of Okeanos”.

In the Odyssey, Odysseus pays attention to the stars that Calypso advises him to follow:

“…fixed to the Pleiades, fixed to Boötes that sets late,
and to the Bear, that they call also with the name of Wagon,
and always she turns and Orion watches fearful,
and alone doesn’t get wet from the waters of Okeanos”.

Note: the part “doesn’t get wet from the waters of Okeanos” is taken from a prose version of the Iliad. The original term, that I have difficulties to translate, would be similar to “doesn’t take part to the washings of Okeanos”.

The Big Dipper is formed by the seven shiny stars of its constellation, but these make up only its backside. Only with the other thirteen, placed before and under the other seven, the whole figure takes the form of an animal. The Big Dipper/Ursa Major is a circumpolar constellation, thus always present above the horizon, that never sets in the course of the apparent motion of rotation of the Sky. It is thus visible for all the year in the Northern Hemisphere and never sets north of the 41° North (latitude of Madrid and Naples).

The fact that Ursa Major doesn’t get wet from the waters/washings of Okeanos is enough to understand that Okeanos is up high, is the Starry Sky/Universe, “the watery abyss of the sky”!

How the Europeans see the the Sky: sistema-solare-3bmeteo-64658

How the Judeo-Christians see the Sky:
pane-senza-lievito_gal_landscape1

When Trees don’t fear Death

Many European Traditionalists love to read books. We read to try to know and understand our past, our ancestors, our traditions, our history and in one sentence: who we are mentally, physically and spiritually. Not least, also to escape from this modern world that is so unnatural and just not made for us: it is made for the totally domesticated man.

Here I want to share with you a list of essential books that you should read to understand who you really are:

MYTHOLOGY and FAIRY TALES:

Apollodorus of Athens – Bibliotheca.

Homer – Iliad, – Odyssey.

Apollonius Rhodius – Argonautica.

Ovid – Metamorphoses.

Virgil – Aeneid.

Snorri Sturluson – Prose Edda.

The Poetic Edda.

The Kalevala.

The Egyptian Book of the Dead.

The Epic of Gilgamesh.

The Arthurian Myths.

The Mabinogion.

Marie Cachet – The Secret of the She-Bear.

Varg Vikernes – Sorcery and Religion in Ancient Scandinavia, – Reflections on European Mythology and Polytheism.

James G. Frazer – The Golden Bough.

Vladimir Propp – The Historical Roots of Fairy Tales.

Robert Graves – The Greek Myths.

Karoly Kerenyi – The Heroes and Gods of the Greeks.

Mircea Eliade – Patterns in Comparative Religion, – A History of Religious Ideas.

Julius Evola – Revolt Against the Modern World, – The Mystery of the Grail, – The Hermetic Tradition, – Eros and the Mysteries of Love: The Metaphysics of Sex.

Richard B. Onians – The Origins of European Thought.

Giorgio De Santillana – Hamlet’s Mill.

Erwin Rohde – Psyche: The Cult of Souls and the Belief in Immortality among the Greeks.

Philippe Walter – Christian Mythology: Revelations of Pagan Origins.

All European Fairy Tales – (Grimm, Andersen, Pitré…).

PHILOSOPHY:

Heraclitus – Fragments.

Plato – Dialogues.

Epictetus – The Enchiridion.

Marcus Aurelius – Meditations.

Seneca – Letters from a Stoic, – Dialogues.

Pierre Hadot – The Inner Citadel, – The Veil of Isis.

Marie Cachet – Le Besoin d’Impossible.

EASTERN WISDOM:

The Bhagavadgita.

The Zhuangzi.

The Tao Te Ching.

PREHISTORY:

B.G. Tilak – The Arctic Home in the Vedas.

Jean Manco – Ancestral Journeys: The Peopling of Europe from the First Venturers to the Vikings.

ABOUT THE MODERN WORLD:

Julius Evola – Ride the Tiger, – Men Among the Ruins.

Réne Guénon – The Crisis of the Modern World, – East and West.

Corneliu Zelea Codreanu – For My Legionaries.

Oswald Spengler – The Decline of the West.

George Orwell – 1984.

FANTASY:

J.R.R. Tolkien – The Hobbit, – The Lord of the Rings, – The Silmarillion.

Robert E. Howard – Conan the Barbarian.

Hurry, before they are censored!

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