Words of Wisdom #47 & #48

“The lazy term “evolution” makes us blind to the real complexities of the past”.

-Giorgio De Santillana

“To have confused the history of civilization with a process of gradual evolution has deprived us of any reasonable possibility to shed light on the nature of civilizations”.

-Giorgio De Santillana

What I want to stress here is that the concepts of “evolution” and “progress” are strongly interconnected and used in a religious and dogmatic way to influence the vision of the world of the masses (especially the youth). The educational system hammers this sort of dogmas in our heads to make us think that we started from the bottom of the barrel, to then experience an evolution/progress that will only get better with the passage of time, taking into consideration exclusively the material and technical aspects of a civilization, and totally excluding the spiritual and qualitative elements that give shape to the human being. Their purpose is to let us take for granted that the past was worse in every aspect, as much as we go back in time: they don’t want absolutely that we look behind us, to then find what we have lost, what we were, and finally see the modern world with open eyes! You must do it instead! If you understand the past – your past – you’ll be the master of yourselves, until death!

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Eternal Regret (Part 2 of 2)

“What is eternal is circular, what is circular is eternal”.

-Aristotle

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The traditional European vision of life and of time is circular, without a beginning and without an end: a circle that completes its course eternally. An example in support of this: for the ancient Romans the particle “an” meant “circum” (“around”) and from “an” derive the Latin “annus” (“year”), with the meaning of circle, and “annulus” (“ring”), symbol of eternity both for its circularity and the metal to which it is identified, i.e. gold. The year was therefore seen as a circle without beginning and end, not as a finite line, and represented a temporal cycle destined to repeat itself without end.

The Sun, the Moon, the Seasons, the Ice Ages and even the Civilizations: their manifestations are marked by cyclical rhythms. Also men and animals, thanks to their offspring, fall into this universal cyclicity. Everything that in the Universe is animated moves in circular and eternal cycles, this being also the meaning of the swastica (the “wheel of time”) in all its forms and depictions: the four branches symbolize the eternal cyclicity and rebirth of all the powers in the Universe.

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-Winter, Spring, Summer, Autumn and again Winter.
-Nighttime, Morning, Daytime, Evening and again Nighttime.
-New Moon, Rising Moon, Full Moon, Waning Moon and again New Moon.
-Spiritual Life, Rebirth, Life, Death and again Spiritual Life.

“The archaic time is the universe, and as the universe it is circular and definite. Classical antiquity didn’t believe in progress, but in the eternal returns”.

-Giorgio De Santillana

“The conception of time of our ancestors was very different from the modern one, linear and monotonous. They had done of time a structure, a cyclical time, where past and future called each other”.

-Giorgio De Santillana

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Philosophers like Plato and Aristotle saw this as the state of Becoming (state to which belong our body and identifiable with the moon and the four arms/branches of the swastica), characterized by mobility, mutability, temporality and multiplicity. Its inevitable opposite is the state of Being (state to which belong our spirit and identifiable with the sun and the central point of the swastica), characterized by immobility, immutability, eternity and indivisibility. According to them the Becoming is the opposite and reflection of the Being and vice versa, whereby one can not exist without the other, they are two faces of the same reality, just like the waves and the sea are a single water: there are no waves without sea, and there is no sea without waves. The waves are simply sea but despite this live their existence as waves, likewise we are simply part of a single living organism (the Universe) but despite this we live our existence as human beings. The Being is the One (indefinable, because each definition includes an opposite/contrary and is therefore included in the context of multiplicity) of Plato and the Unmoved Mover (“that which moves without being moved”, a concept equivalent to the wei wu wei [“action without action”] of Taoism and to the axis mundi [the motionless axial center around which revolves the Earth, exactly like, on a bigger scale, the motionless Sun that by means of its gravitational attraction forces the planets of the Solar System to accomplish their motions of revolution around it]) of Aristotle.

Center/Being and Circumference/Becoming:
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Note: the ancient sacred groves (like the Roman lucus and the Celtic nemeton), at whose center there was a circular clearing that allowed the Sun’s rays to penetrate, were a physical image of the metaphysical principles of the center and the circumference

Listening not to me, but to the lógos, it is wise to agree that all things are one“.

-Heraclitus

“And from all things the one and from the one all things”.

-Heraclitus

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Two faces of the same coin but what was the real meaning of those concepts? Maybe they saw the Universe as container and content, as matrix of all that exists and all that exists? Space and Matter being synonyms, the exact same thing, two names for the same reality, each existing as far as the other exists? But in this case it would not really exist only the state of Becoming, independent and unbegotten? Or, on the other hand, exists only the state of Being, past and future (i.e. the Becoming) being nothing but illusory representations of the mind, the present instant being the only true reality?

As Plato understood: time/becoming is the moving image of eternity/being. This seems to be the answer.

***

The Neanderthal man (i.e. the Proto-European) was originally able to fathom and deeply understand eternity and infinity, because he lived only the instant, the true present, elusive for us today. In his perspective “past” and “future” don’t exist, both being born from the finite perspective in which today we found ourselves involved. If you think well about it, past and future really don’t exist, except in our minds as a consequence of the fact that we are trapped in a linear and finite time. The concept of “past” (i.e. imaginary replica/representation) exists but not the past in itself, the concept of “future” (i.e. future projection) exists but not the future in itself: only the “present” exists, the eternal and immutable instant.

However, we can discuss about these concepts but we can’t really understand and grasp their essence: we are stuck with a past, an elusive present and a future as we all intend them (i.e. time and history, because history as we intend it started together with the birth of time, with our transition/fall into a temporal perspective). We are able to briefly experience eternity, I think, only when we remain enthralled by what I would define as platonic ideas. Plato’s ideas are realities having a metaphysical, immutable, eternal, outside of time and archetypical existence (therefore the deities fall into this category when are interpreted as archetypes, role models, stages of life, ideals, etc.), in opposition to the realities having a material, mutable, transient and within time existence: it is in these latter that the ideas manifest themselves. The platonic ideas as ideas in themselves, separated from the beings and vectors in which they manifest, are described in this ancient Chinese text: “Wanting to prove, starting from the idea [in itself] that the ideas [in things] are not at all ideas [in itself], is worth less than wanting to prove starting from the non-idea that the ideas [in themselves] are not the idea [in itself]. Wanting to prove starting from the horse [in general] that [a white] horse is not [a] horse [in general] is worth less than wanting to prove starting from the non-horse that [a white] horse is not [a] horse [in general]”.

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If you’ve ever been in a temporary condition of astonishment, enchantment, metaphysical joy and serenity, characterized by the sensation of being outside of time, followed by a sort of awakening that leaves you with a particular melancholy and the regret for having lost that condition, then you have probably experienced a platonic idea, a particular astonishment due to a metaphysical intuition (“metaphysics” means “the science [i.e. knowledge] of what goes beyond the physical”, in philosophy “the meaning and ultimate principle of the ideas”). It’s something that happens briefly and quite unconsciously, without really realizing it, often while looking intensely at something or someone. I’m not able to explain it in a better way!

Part 1: Eternal Regret (Part 1 of 2)

Words of Wisdom #12

Who bends to destiny suffers, but fate protects him“.

-Giorgio De Santillana

Always embrace your destiny, literally everything that happens in your life is decided by it. You are your destiny and your destiny is what you are, it is your shadow, you can’t run away from it, but only, if you are wise, accept it. It takes shape from your honour, from what you have accomplished in your previous lives. So, in a way, you yourself have decided your actual destiny and it fits you perfectly. It is nor good nor bad and no one merits a better or worse destiny instead of the one he is living or has lived. However, life will always make us think and believe that we are in possess of our destiny, that we can shape and change it to our liking…our mind is trapped in a sort of illusion, that probably protects us from a sort of metaphysical despair, a despair that maybe we can perceive when we realize even for a moment the true nature of Destiny, the most powerful of all deities!

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When Trees don’t fear Death

Many European Traditionalists love to read books. We read to try to know and understand our past, our ancestors, our traditions, our history and in one sentence: who we are mentally, physically and spiritually. Not least, also to avoid this modern world so unnatural and just not made for us: it is made for the totally domesticated man.

Here I want to share with you a list of essential books that you should read to understand who you really are:

MYTHOLOGY AND FAIRY TALES:

Apollodorus of Athens – Bibliotheca.

Homer – Iliad, – Odyssey.

Apollonius Rhodius – Argonautica.

Ovid – Metamorphoses.

Virgil – Aeneid.

Snorri Sturluson – Prose Edda.

The Poetic Edda.

The Egyptian Book of the Dead.

The Epic of Gilgamesh.

The Kalevala.

The Táin Bó Cúailnge.

The Mabinogion.

The Matter of Britain.

The European Fairy Tales.

Marie Cachet – The Secret of the She-Bear.

Varg Vikernes & Marie Cachet – Paganism Explained.

Varg Vikernes – Reflections on European Mythology and Polytheism, – Sorcery and Religion in Ancient Scandinavia.

Richard B. Onians – The Origins of European Thought.

Massimo Conese – Nati con la Camicia.

Carlo Ginzburg – Ecstasies.

James G. Frazer – The Golden Bough.

Vladimir Propp – The Historical Roots of Fairy Tales.

Arnold Van Gennep – The Rites of Passage.

Marco Giuman – La Dea, la Vergine, il Sangue.

Mircea Eliade – A History of Religious Ideas, – Patterns in Comparative Religion, – The Forge and the Crucible.

Julius Evola – Revolt Against the Modern World, – The Mystery of the Grail, – The Hermetic Tradition, – The Metaphysics of Sex.

Mario Polia – Il Mistero Imperiale del Graal.

Pierre Saintyves – I Santi successori degli Dèi.

Philippe Walter – Christian Mythology, – Artù.

Giorgio De Santillana – Hamlet’s Mill.

Nuccio D’Anna – Il Gioco Cosmico.

B.G. Tilak – The Arctic Home in the Vedas.

WESTERN PHILOSOPHY:

Heraclitus – Fragments.

Parmenides – On the Order of Nature.

Plato – Dialogues.

Epictetus – The Enchiridion.

Seneca – Dialogues, – Letters from a Stoic.

Marcus Aurelius – Meditations.

Erwin Rohde – Psyche.

Pierre Hadot – The Inner Citadel, – The Veil of Isis.

Marie Cachet – Le Besoin d’Impossible.

EASTERN PHILOSOPHY:

The Upanishads.

The Bhagavadgītā.

The Tao Te Ching.

The Zhuangzi.

The Lieh Tzu.

MODERN WORLD:

Corneliu Z. Codreanu – For My Legionaries.

Oswald Spengler – The Decline of the West.

Réne Guénon – The Crisis of the Modern World.

Julius Evola – Ride the Tiger, – Men Among the Ruins.

Nico Merz – The Awakening of Europeans.

George Orwell – 1984.

Aldous Huxley – Brave New World, – Brave New World Revisited.

FANTASY:

J.R.R. Tolkien – The Hobbit, – The Lord of the Rings, – The Silmarillion.

Robert E. Howard – Conan the Barbarian.

Hurry up, before they are censored!

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