Spengler: about Science, Evolution, Modern Religions, Truth and the Press

“The unconscious nostalgia of every true science, which, let’s repeat it, exists only in the spirit of the men of a culture, is to understand, fathom and encompass the cosmic image of nature, it is not the measurement for itself. The numbers should always and exclusively be the keys of the mystery”.

“Nothing, better than the results of paleontology, serves to confute Darwin. On the basis of a simple probability calculation the fossils found should be valid as a series of evidences. Each of them should attest us a distinct evolutionary stage. There would be only <<transitional forms>>, there wouldn’t be limits and therefore not even true species. Well, we instead find completely fixed and unchanged forms in very long periods, forms that have not developed by adaptation but that have appeared suddenly in their definitive structure, that do not turn into others more suited to the environment but instead become increasingly rare and finally disappear, while other species, completely different, manifest themselves”.

“In all the special sciences, academic medicine and philosophy included, has existed a complete hierarchy with its popes, its ranks and dignities, with the university degree as an equivalent of the priestly ordination, with its sacraments and councils. The concept of <<secular>> is rigidly maintained and the priesthood extended to all believers is affirmed with zeal in the form of popular science, like in darwinism. The language of the learned was originally latin; in recent times special languages have been formed everywhere, which in some cases – for example in the domain of radioactivity or of the law of obligations – are intelligible only to those who received the superior orders of such new religions. There are creators of sects, like certain disciples of Kant and Hegel, there is an apostolate among the infidels like that of the monists, there are heretics like Schopenhauer and Nietzsche, there is the solemn excommunication and the Index librorum prohibitorum in the form of conspiracy of silence. There are some eternal truths, like the division of the subject of law in law of people and law of things; there are dogmas, like that of energy, of hereditariness; there is a rite of quotation of the orthodox texts and there is a kind of scientific beatification”.

“We live in an age of unlimited trust in the omnipotence of reason. The great universal ideas of freedom, right, humanity, progress are sacred. The great theories are Gospels. Their persuasiveness is not based on principles, but on the sacramental chrism of the corresponding passwords. However their fascination is exerted among the population of the great cities and in the era of rationalism, of this <<religion of the educated people>>. On the peasant element those ideas don’t exert the slightest influence. On the city masses they exert it only for some time, but during this time almost in terms of a new revelation”.

“What is the truth? For the masses it is what one reads and hears continuously. Some poor naive can even sit at the table and gather principles in order to establish <<<the truth>>> – but this will remain his truth. The other truth, the public one of the moment, the one that only matters in the real world of action and success, today is a product of the press. What the press wants is true, who controls the press creates, transforms, changes the truth”.

“To the political press is also connected the diffusion of the general school education, that, completely absent in antiquity, hides the purpose of transforming the masses in objects of the party politics dominated by the power of the press”.

“Once we didn’t had the right to think freely; now we have it, but we can’t use it anymore. We think only what others want us to think and precisely this is felt as freedom”.

-Oswald Spengler

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Spengler: about Modern Man, Traditional Man and the Historical Destiny of Woman and Man

“Instead of a world a city, a single point, in which is gathered the whole life of vast regions, while the rest becomes sterile; instead of a formed people, tied to its land, a new nomad, a parasite, the inhabitant of the big cities, the pure practical man without tradition, taken up in a formless and fluctuant mass, the irreligious, intelligent, sterile man, deeply adverse to the peasant and the landed gentry, that of the peasant is the highest form – this represents a giant step towards the inorganic, towards the end”.

“The metropolis means the cosmopolitanism in place of the <<homeland>>, the cold practical sense in place of the respect for what has been handed down and is matured, the scientistic irreligiosity as dissolution of the previous religious fervour, the <<society>> in place of the State, the natural rights in place of those acquired”.

“The last man of the metropolises doesn’t want to live anymore: as a type, as a mass, not as an individual; in this collective being the fear of death fades. What fills with a deep and inexplicable anguish the true peasant, that is the idea of the extinction of the family and the loss of the name, ceases now to have a meaning. The continuation of one’s own blood in the visible world is no longer felt as a duty for this blood, the destiny of being the last of a lineage is no longer felt as a tragedy. Not that today the possibility to beget children has vanished; if the offspring is missing is above all because the intelligence, come to an extreme strengthening, no longer finds a reason for it. Transpose yourselves in the soul of the peasant that from primordial times lives in the same piece of land, namely that he bought it to unite himself to it with his blood. In such a land, he has roots as the grandson of his ancestors, and as the ancestor of the future grandsons. His home, his property: this here doesn’t mean a fleeting relation between the body and the goods for a brief period of time, but rather a lasting and inner relation between the eternal land and the eternal blood: only with this, only with the sedentarity in a spiritual sense the great seasons of the cycle of existence, generation, birth and death, obtain that metaphysical aura which symbolically fixes itself in the customs and in the religion of all the non-nomadic populations of the countryside”.

“The eternal policy of the woman is the conquest of the man, thanks to which she can become the mother of his children and thus be history, destiny and future. Instead the man, belonging essentially to the other history, wants to have a son as heir, as bearer of his blood and of his historical tradition”.

“However the eternal and secret policy of the woman, that brings us back at the beginnings of the animal kingdom, aspires to distract the man from his mission to bind him completely to the chain of generations, that is like saying to herself. Yet all that happens in the other history, in the male history, has the purpose of protecting and preserving this eternal history of generating and dying, call it what you want: fighting for the house and the hearth, for the woman and the son, for the ancestry, for the nation, for the future”.

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