Different Minds, different Skies

Today we (returned to) know everything about the Earth and the Solar System but it has not always been the case.

We had the exact same notions during Prehistory and Antiquity but after the Judeo-Christians invaded our beloved Europe – murdering millions of us, destroying and burning every manifestation of our culture on which they pointed their eyes – they forced on our minds “the fact” that our planet would be flat, at the center of the Sky and that if we had reached its limits we would have ended up falling into the abyss. Those who opposed, like Galileo Galilei which sustained the Heliocentric System, were labeled as heretics and forced to publicly reject their knowledge. That is, when they were not silenced in the first place through threats, or burned alive, or tortured to death. Only in 1992 the Christians have officially admitted their “error” in relation to Galileo Galilei (sigh). Exclusively what the “holy scriptures” recited was to be believed. However the Renaissance came and we returned to our ancient science, for the desperation of the Judeo-Christians. If it was for them we should still believe today in their lies, and in the future as well, until the coming of their fictional “Armageddon”.

At that point, they tried to hammer in the heads of the Europeans the fact that also our ancestors during Antiquity and Prehistory believed in the flatness of our planet. “Even Pagans believed to this, it was not a consequence of the wave of destruction and ignorance we brought in Europe! Oy vey!”. Then they started their distortion, corruption and willed misinterpretation of our mythologies, and today the Europeans generally think that our ancestors were indeed ignorant and this would be proved by the fact that our mythologies tell all sort of things about the world where we live but none of them is (apparently) close to the truth.

***

Now, one of the most exploited and abused figures in this context is the one of Okeanos, a character of the Greek mythology. The Judeo-Christians have concluded that Okeanos was a river that surrounded our flat planet, delimiting the borders beyond which we would have fallen. In the best case Okeanos was a symbol for all the waters in our planet. That’s what they think

How the Judeo-Christians see Okeanos and our planet:
terra-piatta

Now, it is time for us to look at the figure of Okeanos, called Ægir (“[metaphysical] scare”, “awe”) in the Norse mythology, in a European perspective:

According to the Egyptian mythology everything came into being from Nun, the primeval Ocean/Waters, primordial source of any existing form. The Nun is an eternal and infinite space that corresponded to/represented what we today call “Universe”: the archaic thinking associated the concept of “water” to that of source of life and essence of purification and regeneration, with particular reference to the amniotic fluid. In the Universe, as in water, we can’t breathe and we float if gravity doesn’t affects us. The Nun, the Universe, was thus defined by the Egyptians as “the watery abyss of the sky” and “the father of the gods”, it was a creative power from which arose all forms of life. I quote some passages taken directly from an Egyptian sacred text:

“Here I am,
I that, swelling and overflowing the Abysses,
I generated, from them, the Waters of the Sky…
These waters, made me float on their liquid Spaces…
And that is why they remain in my power,
The Waters of the Sky!”.

-The Egyptian Book of the Dead

“Since this Earth has appeared
At the Dawn of Times, in the Ocean of the Sky,
Rising from the Primordial Caos…”.

-The Egyptian Book of the Dead

“I lean on the forehead of Ra
And I sail on the heavenly Ocean
Seated in peace, on the prow of his ship…”.

-The Egyptian Book of the Dead

“Look! He is alone in the middle of the heavenly Ocean
While he crosses the Horizon!”.

-The Egyptian Book of the Dead

Okeanos – the only one that could remain on his own when Zeus demanded the presence of the gods in the Olympus – was described as “tireless”, “deep/fluent”, “refluent on himself”, “with no waves”, “origin of everything”, “origin of the gods” (just like the Nun). It encircles the Earth and is in reality the Starry Sky/Universe. It has no waves because it has nothing to do with water as we understand it or maybe because the apparent motion of the fixed stars is very slow, calm and quiet. It is tireless and refluent on itself (terms that suggests a rotation) because even the Starry Sky/Universe was moving (apparently and very slowly) at the eyes of our ancestors, as a consequence of the Precession of the Equinoxes (a motion of our planet that they noticed and knew well, but I will not talk here of their knowledge about it). It is deep because compared to waters (that are very deep), but also because the Universe is infinite. It is the origin of everything because the Universe at the same time is and contains everything, it has given existence to all that has been, that is and that will be. It is the origin of the gods because without the Universe the Solar System would not exist (here “gods” refers to the “inhabitants” of the Solar System, i.e. the planets). It is the only one not constrained to visit the Olympus at the call of Zeus because only the planets of the Solar System are “constrained” to go to Olympus (the Sun), i.e. only the planets are affected by the gravitational attraction of the Sun, not the Starry Sky/Universe.

<<But>>, say the Judeo-Christians, <<it encircles the Earth>>!

The Earth of the myths is a plane, yes, but it is not our planet, it is a plane that passes through the four points/corners of the year, marked by the Equinoxes and Solstices, that is the Ecliptic. The “Earth” was the ideal plane passing through the four points/pillars of the year and this is the hidden meaning when a mythology talks about a flat or quadrangular Earth. The four corners that determine an “Earth” are the Zodiacal Constellations that arise behind the Sun (which changes slowly because of the Precession of the Equinoxes, creating at every “handover” a new “Earth”) in the days of the Equinoxes and Solstices, with particular care for the one that rises in the day of the Vernal Equinox.

Now, the Fixed Stars/Universe encircle the Ecliptic, encircle the Solar System, right?

Note: the prehistoric engravings with the form of a spiral may (also) depict a maelstrom, a symbol that refers to the Solar System and the various circles made by the swirling revolutions of the planets around the Sun at the center? The maelstrom (the first part of the name is connected to the verb mala [“grind”], perhaps in reference to the “grinding” of the eras as a consequence of the cosmic cycles) is known as the “navel of the sea”, where “navel” would be a reference to the Solar System and “sea” a reference to the Universe, the “watery abyss of the sky”.

spirals_01

Moreover, in the Iliad the shield that Hephaestus builds for Achilles is described in these terms:

“…the Pleiades, Hyades and the strength of Orion
and the Bear, that they call with the name of Wagon: she turns on itself and watches Orion,
and alone doesn’t get wet from the waters of Okeanos”.

In the Odyssey, Odysseus pays attention to the stars that Calypso advises him to follow:

“…fixed to the Pleiades, fixed to Boötes that sets late,
and to the Bear, that they call also with the name of Wagon,
and always she turns and Orion watches fearful,
and alone doesn’t get wet from the waters of Okeanos”.

Note: the part “doesn’t get wet from the waters of Okeanos” is taken from a prose version of the Iliad. The original term, that I have difficulties to translate, would be similar to “doesn’t take part to the washings of Okeanos”.

The Big Dipper is formed by the seven shiny stars of its constellation, but these make up only its backside. Only with the other thirteen, placed before and under the other seven, the whole figure takes the form of an animal. The Big Dipper/Ursa Major is a circumpolar constellation, thus always present above the horizon, that never sets in the course of the apparent motion of rotation of the Sky. It is thus visible for all the year in the Northern Hemisphere and never sets north of the 41° North (latitude of Madrid and Naples).

The fact that Ursa Major doesn’t get wet from the waters/washings of Okeanos is enough to understand that Okeanos is up high, is the Starry Sky/Universe, “the watery abyss of the sky”!

How the Europeans see the the Sky: sistema-solare-3bmeteo-64658

How the Judeo-Christians see the Sky:
pane-senza-lievito_gal_landscape1

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9 thoughts on “Different Minds, different Skies

  1. The problem with all the modern pseudo-intellectual movements i.e. “flat earth” is that people tend to interpret allegories of the past far too literally, Norse, Greek and even Buddhist Cosmology had absolutely nothing to do with the physical Earth we inhabit, rather a means of illustrating our three dimensional spatial reality(cosmos).

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